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What is involved in spaying my female cat or dog?

Ovariohysterectomy is the proper medical term for the "spaying" of the female animal. The surgical procedure consists of the complete removal of the uterus and both ovaries. If the ovaries are not removed, the hormone-producing organs are still there, thus increasing the chances of mammary cancers.  Although it is a commonly performed procedure, ovariohysterectomy is a major procedure involving general anesthesia and abdominal surgery. We utilize state-of-the-art monitoring equipment to ensure your pet stays as safe as possible while under anesthesia and administer pain medication to ease discomfort after surgery.  Most patients recover extremely quickly, and often times the bigger challenge is to keep them calm so that the healing process can go as smoothly as possible. 

What are the advantages?

Will it make my pet fat and lazy?

No, obesity is due to excessive caloric intake. Weight can be controlled with diet.

Will it change her personality?

No. A dog and cat's personality does not fully develop until they are 1-2 years of age. If there is a personality change, it would have occurred without the surgery.

Should my pet have a litter first?

No, it makes no difference whether your dog or cat has a litter. In fact, if a dog goes through one or more "heat" cycles, her chance of mammary cancer greatly increases.

At what age should I spay my puppy or kitten?

We recommend that kittens and puppies are spayed between 4 - 6 months of age.  Should your pet already have surpassed that age range, she can be spayed at any time, though the procedure is easier if it is done when the pet is not in heat.

What is involved in neutering my male dog and what are the advantages?

Castration (orchidectomy) is a surgical procedure involving the removal of both testes. We may elect to perform this surgery in order to eliminate the sex drive and the ability to reproduce. After castration, many male dogs do not roam or stray from home as much as before. This does not mean that all dogs will respond in this fashion. This procedure should not be looked upon as a replacement for obedience training by the owners.

In older dogs orchidectomy may be necessary due to disease processes involving the testes or the prostate. The surgery is a safe procedure and recovery is generally uneventful and aftercare is minimal.

The operation is performed under general anesthesia and the testicles are removed through one small incision made just in front of the scrotum. Recovery from anesthesia is quite rapid and the patient is ready to go home later the same day.

At what age should I neuter my dog?

We recommend puppies are neutered between 4 - 6 months of age.  Should your pet already have surpassed that age range, he can be neutered at any time.

What is involved in neutering my male cat and what are the advantages?

Castration is the term applied to the procedure of surgically removing the testicles. When castration is performed before sexual maturity at 4-6 month of age, it reduces the sex instinct. This tends to eliminate the fighting and night prowling so common in the male cat. Castration also eliminates the very strong, objectionable urine odor of the intact male cat. Castration at 4-6 months of age does not lead to urinary problems later on in life.

Castration of sexually mature cats tends to stop them from fighting with other males, but established behavior patterns of night prowling and fighting may still continue.

Remember that cats are night hunters by nature and while castration will stop the tendency to compete for female cats, it usually will not diminish the cat’s natural tendency to hunt.

The operation is performed under general anesthesia. The testicles are removed through two small incisions in the scrotum. The incisions are left open to heal, so there are not any sutures to remove. Recovery from anesthesia is quite rapid and the cat is ready to go home later the same day. Healing is usually prompt and complications are very rare.

At what age should I neuter my male cat?

We recommend that kittens are neutered between 4 - 6 months of age.  Should your pet already have surpassed that age range, he can be neutered at any time.

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